BMAS EU Presidency Future of Work Booklet References Detail

[a] Autor, David. (2015). “Why Are There Still So Many Jobs? The History and Future of Workplace Automation.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 29, no. 3 (Summer): 3-30;

Bessen, James. (2016). “How Computer Automation Affects Occupations: Technology, Jobs, and Skills.” Boston University School of Law & Economics Working Paper No. 15-49.

[b] Brynjolfsson, Erik and McAfee, Andrew. (2014). The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress, and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies. New York: W. W. Norton & Company; Zysman, John and Kenney, Martin. (2018, February).

[c] “Work 4.0.” (2017). Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs White Paper.

[d] We have partnered with several German research institutes, including the WZB Berlin Social Science Center, the Weizenbaum Institute for the Networked Society, and the Humboldt Institute for the Internet and Society.

[e] Lund, Susan and Tyson, Laura. “Rage Against the Machine?” Project Syndicate, December, 2017.

[f] Zysman, John and Kenney, Martin. (2018, February). “The Next Phase of the Digital Revolution: Intelligent Tools, Platforms, Growth, Employment.” Communications of the ACM 61, no. 2, 54-63.

[g] Hyman, Louis. (2018). Temp: How American Work, American Business, and the American Dream Became Temporary. New York, NY: Viking Press; Thelen, Kathleen. (2019). The American Precariat: U.S. Capitalism in a Comparative Perspective. American Political Science Association, 114th Presidential Address; Weil, David. (2017). The Fissured Workplace: Why Work Became So Bad for So Many and What Can Be Done to Improve It. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

[h] Huws, U., Spencer, N., & Syrdal, D. (2018). Online, on call: The spread of digitally organized justintime working and its implications for standard employment models. New Technology, Work and Employment, 33(2), 113-12; Huws, U. (2016). Platform labour: Sharing economy or virtual Wild West. Journal for a Progressive Economy, 1, 24-27.

[i] Bearson, Dafna, Kenney, Martin, and Zysman, John. (2019). “Labor in the Platform Economy: New Work Created, Old Work Reorganized, and Value Creation Reconfigured.” BRIE Working Paper Series. pp. 10. Retrieved from

[j] Lessig, Lawrence. (2009). Code: And other laws of cyberspace.  Retrieved from Van Dijck, J. (2013). The culture of connectivity: A critical history of social media. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.

[k] Cutolo, Donato and Kenney, Martin. (2019). “The Emergence of Platform-Dependent Entrepreneurs: Power Assymmetries, Risk, and Uncertainty.” BRIE Working Paper Series. pp. 1. Retrieved from

[l] For the classic citation on this, see Khan, Lina M. (2016). “Amazon's antitrust paradox.” Yale Law Journal126, 710.

[m] Taylor, Matthew. (2017, July 11; updated 2018, May 4). “Good Work: the Taylor Review of Modern Working Practices.” Independent Report.

[n] For a discussion of AB5 and the policy challenges and innovations related to work in the platform economy, please see: Tyson, Laura. (2019, October 24). “A New Approach to Protecting Gig Workers.” Project Syndicate. Retrieved from

[o] Borkin, Simon. (2019). “Platform co-operatives: Solving the capital conundrum. Nesta. Retrieved from

[p] Eldred, Christopher, Nitzberg, Mark, and Zysman, John. (2019). “AI and Domain Knowledge: Implications of the Limits of Statistical Inference.” BRIE Technology Briefing #2. Retrieved from

[q] Büchel, Bettina and Floreano, Dario. (2018, May 2). “Tesla’s problem: overestimating automation, underestimating humans.” The Conversation. Retrieved from

[r] Shapiro, Hanne. (2018, January). “Digitalisation, jobs, and competences – emerging innovative practices.” Report commissioned by the Danish SIRI Commission; Kochan, Tom, Helper, Susan, Kowalski, Alexander, and Van Reenen, John. (2018). “Interdependence of Technology and Work Systems.” Baseline memo for the MIT Work of the Future Task Force.

[s] Helper, Susan, Martins, Raphael, and Seamans, Robert. (2019). “Who Profits from Industry 4.0? * Theory and Evidence from the Automotive Industry.” pp. 31. Retrieved from

[t] Helper, Susan, Martins, Raphael, and Seamans, Robert. (2019). “Complements or Substitutes? Firm Level Management of Labor and Technology.” Presentation for ASSA.

[u] For a discussion of these policies, see Laura Tyson and Daron Acemoglu’s presentations at the Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) event, “Combating Inequality: Rethinking Policies to Reduce Inequality in Advanced Economies” on October 18, 2019. Please also see Laura Tyson’s forthcoming essay based on her remarks at the PIIE event.

[v] “Q4 Earnings Shocker: Excluding The FAAMGs, S&P 500 Net Income Is Down 7.5%,” ZeroHedge, February 17, 2020, retrieved from